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Question 1.

The Dillion rule states that the local government only exercises powers that can be exercised by the local government (Oakerson & Parks, 2011). The state government has worked to strengthen the local government since they noticed that the local governments could handle all the tasks in a state, including administrative functions.

Question 2.

The main difference in policy making between the federal and state governments is that the state governments make policies at the state level. In contrast, the federal government makes laws and policies at the national level. The two levels of government share power, but the only thing is the area of the jurisdiction where they operate.

Question 3.

The Canadian government is similar to the US government in some ways. The government of Canada is a constitutional monarchy. The governor general represents the queen, the government’s prime minister, and the government’s head (Sancton, 2011). He is responsible for all the decisions made by the significant heads of departments and government agencies in Canada. The head of state in the US is the president, who is also the head of the government. The only difference between the USA’s and Canada’s governments is that a prime minister leads Canada while a president leads the USA. The other difference is that the US states have no authority over the people, while in Canada, the provinces have executive authority over the people.

Question 4.

Sharing of power does not necessarily mean conflicts in the government. The people granted the powers, and the rights to control specific departments in the provinces or any other levels of government must be given the respect they deserve since the head of state cannot work alone in exercising power and authority in the whole state.


Oakerson, R. J., & Parks, R. B. (2011). The study of local public economies: Multi?organizational, multi?level institutional analysis and development. Policy Studies Journal, 39(1), 147–167.

Sancton, A. (2011). Canadian local government: An urban perspective. Oxford University Press.