Europeans were skeptical of the American military’s ability to defeat the world’s most formidable empire. Patriot forces were outnumbered and defeated on the battlefield, but they finally wore down the British and won independence for the new nation from “King George III.” That unforeseen consequence reflected the patriots’ tenacity (Tindall, 2016). The American Civil War began as a struggle for independence, but it swiftly expanded to encompass numerous European powers considered “allies.” The turning moment of the war came when the United States successfully formed military alliances with “France, Spain, and the Netherlands,” all of whom intended to humiliate Great Britain. They contributed money, guns, and ships, in addition to troops, to the Revolution. French and Spanish warships in the English Channel prevented a substantial component of the Royal Navy from joining the blockade of American ports, which ultimately proved unsuccessful for the British (Tindall, 2016). The Revolutionary War brought about unexpected changes in society and politics; consequently, the “common people” had to take on a more significant role in government.
- The British experienced waging a long war over 3,000 miles away from home and adjusting to the unique American combat methods.
- The war divided families, cities, and towns.
- British sent more than 30, 000 soldiers to fight America
- Americans were the Patriots and had an added home advantage to form a strong army.
- It was far more difficult for the United States to finance the revolutionary army than for the British.
- The British and the Americans recruited Native Americans to fight in their armies during the conflict.
- Disaster in Canada
- Washington’s narrow escape
- Winter in Morristown
- The campaign of 1777
- The Crucial alliance with France
- War in the West
- War moves to the South
- Yorktown and the final campaigns
- The loyalists flee
- Expansion of political participation
- Freedom or religion
- Women demand liberty
- Native Americans besieged
Tindall, G. B., & Shi, D. E. (2016). America: A narrative history. WW Norton & Company.