In accordance with the latest news in the university world, a global network university is an organization that collaborates with the wide amount of education centers that set their goal to employ cooperation to contribute to the educational advancement of their students. In the first works, Antonio Gramsci sums up that everyone can be an intellectual using their inborn abilities in some sphere of knowledge. He discusses what the word “intellectual” actually means and to whom it can be referred to. Following Gramsci, everybody who has succeeded in their professional sphere and mastered his or her work can be considered an intellectual. A global network university is a chance to improve the social aspect of intellect. In particular cases, this social aspect is not possible to realize due to the lack of understanding of the term “intellectual”. Thus, global network universities give the chance to students to broaden horizons and obtain the means they need to succeed.
In reality, global network universities give students the chance to get access to new concepts, researchers, and knowledge that they may not have at their university. This is significantly matters in such areas as study and Learning as it lets students gain a realistic concept of their coursework. Moreover, educational institutions situated in various geographic positions, that belong to the same network, will study their students about global problems that will allow them to have a comprehensive insight of their future professional goals. Such kinds of intellectuals are more got used to the challenges the world in comparison with those who have never had this kind of practice.
Global network universities promote Gramsci’s idea of “the organic” intellectual; this kind of intellectualism stems only from the ability to produce thought. The conceptualization of this kind of intellectual varies according to their social class and profession, but they are still considered functional idea makers and have relevant thoughts that apply to other people in a similar position. Global network universities enhance student’s ability to think about a specific job or field because they allow increased communication with individuals who hold these positions. Specific jobs vary across the world based on unique standards and beliefs and learners at global network universities are able to use this to their advantage; after learning about all kinds of issues that affect their job worldwide, they will develop many useful connections and be a more effective employee at home.
According to Gramsci, “there are categories of intellectuals already in existence and which seemed indeed to represent a historical continuity uninterrupted even by the most complicated and radical changes in political and social forms”. This statement is still true of categories of intellectuals today as one can see in this global network university essay. However, in this country, we now most frequently refer to these people as ones who are able to achieve high grades in school, go on to complete advanced degrees, and conduct original research that is usually published in renowned journals. While it is very true that these qualities are special and help push the world forward, it is important to consider many other people who perform well at what they do according to unique standards expected for their group. For example, it is possible to consider a car mechanic an intellectual if he is able to fix every problem that comes his way. We may not consider him to be a genius according to the aforementioned standards, but if he is the best revolutionary in his field, why shouldn’t he be considered as such?
According to NAFSA: Association of International Educators, the creation of a global network university will emphasize the importance of working with members of different societies while remaining an integral part of a student’s own local society. Before this exchange of ideas was possible, Gramsci states that certain groups of people had ideological monopolies on concepts such as religious ideology, philosophy, education, morality, and justice. Learners at global network universities will be able to understand that such monopolies are not possible or rational. Many different groups of people have their own ideas about what constitutes these categories of belief and they acknowledge that different ideas work for different people. Global network university learners will not simply consider themselves elite based on the social and educational standards of their home; rather, they will strive to meet these standards across a broad spectrum of cultural values.
Gramsci continues to say that the true difference between intellectuals and non-intellectuals is the direction of their specific professional activity, the weight which it has on mankind, and whether the intellect comes naturally or is a stressed effort. Therefore, he considers intellect as the capacity to change something. This is a convenient definition because it allows us to compare intellectuals across different fields, which was previously difficult to do because individuals in varying professions are held to different standards of success. Learners in the global network university will be able to have a complete understanding of all of these standards and how they vary across groups and cultures and will thus stand out amongst their peers. In addition, they will understand how to drive change in unique ways compared to learners in non-global network universities. The best kind of change is one which drives world progress forward rather positively impacts only a small group of people.
On page 9, Antonio Gramsci discusses the problem of creating new intellectuals. He states all people have pre-existing intellectualism within them, but those who truly become intellectuals need to assess critically their own intellectual abilities and aim towards increasing these abilities and learning of how they are applicable to their surrounding environment. While the stereotypical people that are considered to be intellectual include philosophers, writers, and artists, he states that we must search for the intellect within others as well. In order to encourage progress in the world, we must encourage those who do not noticeably develop these natural talents on their own. Instead, we must drive these abilities out of them through knowledge and experience. Global network universities are therefore an ideal way to encourage people that do not think they are able to achieve greatness. Therefore, they must be immersed in new situations so they can learn their true place in society in addition to their talents so the world can take advantage of their individual genius. Gramsci states that this “new intellectual” must evolve from simple passions and emotions to the ability to speak, create, and participate in his or her own personal intellectual goals.
Gramsci believes that the best way to encourage these “new intellectuals” is through social groups and schooling, which are the basis of the global network university. The organization of education allows for new and unique specializations that bring out the intellectual in many people. Students are able to take a pre-existing skill, build upon it, and use it to contribute to the advancement of their society. He states that the “intellectual function in different states can be measured objectively by the number and gradation of specialized schools”. In today’s society, the same can be considered true. Global network universities encourage the specialist skills that schools offer their students, which helps people pursue their unique intellectual goals.
In conclusion, intellectualism has a broad definition ranging from those who are able to achieve high academic progress to those who are simply able to master their profession. Regardless of which definition is being considered, global network universities will allow the individual to develop their intellectual ability depending on what this means to them. Ultimately, global network universities will produce students and workers who are uniquely able to achieve their educational and career goals in ways that are culturally relevant to many individual societies.